30 Bugs You Can Eat

For millennia, our forefathers have used insects as a source of nutrition. Eating insects for food was most likely picked up from other animals and then adopted into our diets.

People throughout the world have been eating bugs as a regular part of their diets for millions of years, yet there remains a degree of distaste for their consumption in some cultures. While most edible bugs are gathered in the wild, a number of countries have begun experimenting with mass-rearing systems. In both developed and emerging countries, insects provide a tremendous opportunity to merge modern science and traditional knowledge to help meet the food and nutrition challenges experienced worldwide.

Insects were once considered a luxury dish or snack by cultures from countries such as Italy and Greece. Nevertheless, this isn’t the case in today’s modern Western culture. Today, Europe and North America are practically the only regions where eating bugs is not prevalent, unlike other parts of the world that eat bugs as part of their standard diet.

What Are Edible Bugs and Are
They Good For You?

Insects as food, often known as edible insects, are insect species that are consumed whole or as a component of processed foods like snacks, burger patties, or pasta.

Consumption of insects has been known for a long time, dating back to over 7000 years. Edible insects have recently become the center of attention due to their immense potential in a variety of industries with clear environmental and economic benefits.

Over 2300 insect species of 18 orders have been documented as edible, and both terrestrial and aquatic settings are home to these insects. While the bulk of them are taken from nature, certain species are mass-produced.

Entomophagy, or the use of bugs as a diet by humans, is not a new occurrence; it has been practiced before human civilization began. Humans had an insectivorous diet at first, and it was only later in evolution that fruits, vegetables, and meat appeared, as humans started hunting and consuming other animals.

In most parts of the world, edible insects are a popular food source for many indigenous peoples. In Sub-Saharan Africa, edible bugs have long been used as a protein source and vital amino acids. They have a long history of helping to improve food security and nutrition, especially for persons who are malnourished owing to protein deficiency.

Termitidae, Kalotermitidae, Hodotermitidae, and Rhinotermitidae are among the species utilized for food or feed. Termites, for example, are eaten uncooked as soon as they come from the holes. Termitidae and Hodotermitidae are two species of insects utilized in traditional folk medicine. They have been used to treat a variety of human ailments, including influenza, whooping cough, asthma, tonsillitis, bronchitis, and more.

Additionally, bugs are also reported to be a part of the traditional diets of a minimum of 2 billion people around the world, according to a 2013 report by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization. And over 1900 species are said to have been consumed as food. Besides, insects provide a variety of ecological functions that are critical to humanity’s survival.

You may want to ask, is it, nevertheless, a good idea to eat bugs? Consider this: the United Nations estimates that the world’s population will hit 9.8 billion by 2050 if present trends continue.Hence, global food and feed needs are predicted to rise by 70%, putting extra strain on the already overexploited agricultural resources.

As dietary preferences in developing countries keep changing as a result of increasing urbanization and economic expansion, global meat demand will continue to rise. Furthermore, ocean resources are already over-exploited, and changes in climate will have a significant effect on food production.

In a nutshell, insects are nutrient-dense; most are good sources of protein, iron, calcium, and healthy fats while being low in carbohydrates.


Why Should We Eat Bugs?

Many people may find it strange to eat bugs since they are ignorant of the numerous benefits. Bugs offer lots of health and environmental benefits; hence, eating them is also one of the ways to lead a healthy life. The following are some of the advantages of eating bugs:

Nutritional Value

Animal-based meals have long been considered nutritional staples since they contain many necessary elements; yet, edible insects are more healthy, sustainable alternatives to these due to their nutrient richness. Owing to their high quantities of vitamin B12, omega-3, and omega-6 fatty acids, iron, fiber, essential amino acids, zinc, and antioxidants, edible bugs may provide exceptional health benefits over animal-based ones.

In general, the nutritional contents of insects and traditional animal diets are relatively similar. Not only for people but also livestock, they have huge potential as nutrients and active ingredient sources.

One of the drawbacks and advantages of rearing insects is that they are mostly what they consume. If you feed carrots to bugs, they will be high in vitamin A. Therefore, to get the best product, we can control their diets.


Insects provide a full animal protein with all nine essential amino acids. Edible bugs have a diverse spectrum of nutritional benefits, making them a strong competitor for other protein sources.

For example, cricket powder is a simple method to boost your protein intake. The powder can be added to smoothies, mixed into baking flour, or sprinkled on cereal for breakfast. As a result, crickets and mealworms with higher protein levels are currently being produced on many farms.

Vitamins and Minerals

It’s difficult to speak about insects in general because each bug’s vitamin and mineral content differs depending on its type and diet. However, one constant is that they are a fantastic source of several difficult-to-find vitamins. The body more readily absorbs these vitamins and minerals than the ones from beef or wheat.

We’ll take a look at cricket that was fed a high-protein grain food as an example. These crickets are high in B vitamins, notably B12, and they’re packed with them. In fact, when compared to salmon, crickets provide more than three times the amount of B12. They’re also high in Riboflavin and the bioactive form of vitamin A (also referred to as B2).

Additionally, edible bugs have nearly five times the magnesium and three times the iron of meat when it comes to minerals. Besides, they are higher in zinc and contain more calcium than milk.

Saturated Fats

Edible bugs are high in “healthy” unsaturated fats. The human body cannot produce essential fatty acids; hence, they must be supplied from diets. Bugs are an excellent source of these beneficial fats. Crickets, for example, have a perfect Omega 3:6 ratio.

Salmon and other fish, which are dense in Omega 3 and Omega 6, may also contain a significant amount of heavy metals. But when it comes to insects, the risk is much minimized.


Antioxidants aid in the prevention of cell damage triggered by free radicals (also known as unstable molecules). And as you already know, the growth of cancerous tumors may be slowed by limiting DNA damage.

Antioxidants are abundant in many edible bugs. For example, grasshoppers, silkworms, and crickets contain more than three times the antioxidants of orange juice.

So, incorporating bugs into your diet can be a potent tool in the fight against free radicals in your body system.


Eating bugs can aid in the maintenance of a healthy gut microbiome. Chitin is an insect’s exoskeleton that possesses beneficial properties in and of itself. Chitin is a prebiotic fiber that provides nourishment to probiotic microorganisms in the gut, and it has also been proven to be effective in preventing the development of colon irritation.

However, Chitin’s potential advantages are currently the subject of a lot of research.

Very Bio-Available – Easily Digested

Bugs are more digestible compared to other protein sources, in addition to providing more vitamins, protein, lipids, minerals, and antioxidants. Your body can absorb more of what is available to it.

Additionally, we don’t eat the liver, heart, and other internal organs of other animals. We typically consume the muscle tissue solely. However, when we eat edible bugs, we consume the entire animal, which provides a variety of additional nutritional benefits.

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Eating Bugs Could Combat Obesity

Because insects have a low-fat content, several researchers, including those involved in the FAO paper, believe that eating insects could effectively fight obesity and related disorders.

The Daily Mail reported in 2014 on a man from the United States who switched from a traditional Western diet to one rich in bugs after mistaking a dish of crispy crickets for peanuts – and claimed that the inclusion of insects aided him in losing weight.

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Malnutrition May Be Combated by Eating Bugs

The advantages of eating insects go beyond weight loss; according to the United Nations, entomophagy could help fight malnutrition, which is common in many developing nations.

Malnutrition is responsible for nearly half of all fatalities worldwide among children below the age of five, according to UNICEF, with the majority of these deaths reported in Asian and African countries.

Poor nutrition can raise the risk of life-threatening illness, whether because of a lack of food or an inability to digest the food consumed. In addition, starvation during the first 1,000 days of life might cause stunted growth, impairing cognitive function.

Furthermore, bugs are present anywhere you go, making them a very accessible and inexpensive source of food — a characteristic that could help low- and middle-income nations where malnutrition is rampant.

Good for the Environment

Animal protein is in high demand all around the world. However, rearing sufficient cattle, pigs, and poultry to match this demand is unsustainable in terms of the environment. Breeding these animals necessitates a significant amount of land and water for the animals and to produce the crops they consume. Clearing land for animals such as cattle, pigs, etc., frequently requires deforestation, which destroys natural plant and animal ecosystems.

Insects are far less harmful to the environment than conventional livestock. Let’s make a comparison between crickets and cows. Crickets eat a lot less food and take up a lot less space. Getting one kilogram of beef requires 400 square meters of land, yet just 30 square meters of land is required for one kilogram of crickets. Besides, crickets also consume a lot less water than livestock. Getting 100 g of beef requires 2 200 liters of water, while 100 g of crickets require around 2000 times less.

In addition, cattle release massive volumes of a greenhouse gas (called methane) into the atmosphere in the form of methane-tainted gas. This adds to global warming. In contrast, bugs emit significantly fewer greenhouse gases than cattle and other livestock we breed. Insects such as termites, cockroaches, and scarab beetles are the only species with bacteria that produce methane in their intestines. All other species of insects have methane-free flatulence.

Cattle also produce methane in the form of dung (waste). On the other hand, bugs may help here as well, according to the FAO. The manure will attract a variety of insects. These insects might then be fed to chickens, fish, and other food-producing animals. Organic waste materials, such as vegetable peels, could also be a source of food for insects.

Traditional livestock production currently accounts for roughly 18% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Many experts have advocated that we need to cut emissions in industrialized countries by at least 80% in order to meet the Paris Agreement’s goal of keeping global warming below 35.6 Fahrenheit.

Furthermore, food production has already been harmed by climate change. Increasing temperatures put additional strain on arid regions, making it more difficult to grow crops and raise livestock.

When compared to cattle or pigs, insect farming emits about a hundred times fewer greenhouse gases.

Insects breed quite quickly, with a female cricket generating up to 1,500 eggs in 3-4 weeks. This is far quicker than rearing cattle, where the rearing to market animal ratio is 4 to 1.

Do Edible Bugs Taste Good?

Whether you believe it or not, bugs generally taste good. You won’t even realize you’re eating insects if they’re adequately prepared. They surprisingly offer a variety of flavors and textures.

For those brave enough to try edible insects, half the fun is recounting the experience to others. However, strange foods, such as bugs, perplex taste-testers, and this is due to the lack of a universally acknowledged basis for categorizing the flavor.

To bridge the known and unknown gap, you’ll need to rely on comparisons and taste combinations. This is a well-known quandary in the area of entomophagy. However, most people want to convince themselves that eating insects isn’t all that dissimilar from consuming other meals.

In more light, since insects are all arthropods, they have a similar flavor to shellfish. This implies they have solid exoskeletons or “shells” as exterior skeletons. Consider insects to be little crabs or lobsters. However, they do lack the sea’s salty-fresh aroma and flavor.

Rather, they have a more earthy flavor, similar to root vegetables or mushrooms. Besides, they tend to have a bitter taste since they feed in the forest, ingesting particles of plant materials.

Furthermore, some edible bugs have a higher fat content, which adds to their richness. This gives them a nutty flavor, which makes them particularly snackable when roasted.

What the bugs consume is another factor that influences the flavor. For example, prior to being sold for human consumption, certain bugs devour exquisite fruits and grains.

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The way we prepare bugs also has an impact on their flavor. The flavor of a freeze-dried bug is different from that of a powdered bug. They’re also great with a special spice or drizzling dressing, as their flavor is typically moderate.

The bottom line is that the flavor of edible insects varies based on the species and what they consume. This is why it’s a good idea to do some study on the bug you’re going to try before setting your flavor expectations.

List of Edible Bugs and their Benefits



Scientists are constantly emphasizing the benefits of including grasshoppers in our daily diets due to their health benefits. These advantages include being high in protein and minerals and having far lower cholesterol compared to pork or beef.

Feasting on grasshoppers and other insects is also good for the environment since they need forest and other natural environments instead of farmed land.

Additionally, grasshoppers, on average, have 20 grams of protein and only 6 grams of fat per 100 grams, compared to 26 grams of protein and 15 grams of fat that beef contains in addition to the 30 percent of your daily cholesterol. On the other hand, chicken has lower cholesterol and fat levels but only 19 grams of protein for every 100 grams.

Of course, you won’t have access to beef or chicken in many survival circumstances, whereas grasshoppers are easier to come across in the wild. They can also be used as a long-term source of food since they can be dried and preserved for up to one year. And this can highly be beneficial in any long-term survival situation.

Benefits of eating grasshoppers

Scientists are constantly emphasizing the benefits of including grasshoppers in our daily diets due to their health benefits. These advantages include being high in protein and minerals and having far lower cholesterol compared to pork or beef.

Feasting on grasshoppers and other insects is also good for the environment since they need forest and other natural environments instead of farmed land.

Additionally, grasshoppers, on average, have 20 grams of protein and only 6 grams of fat per 100 grams, compared to 26 grams of protein and 15 grams of fat that beef contains in addition to the 30 percent of your daily cholesterol. On the other hand, chicken has lower cholesterol and fat levels but only 19 grams of protein for every 100 grams.

Of course, you won’t have access to beef or chicken in many survival circumstances, whereas grasshoppers are easier to come across in the wild. They can also be used as a long-term source of food since they can be dried and preserved for up to one year. And this can highly be beneficial in any long-term survival situation.

What does a grasshopper taste like?

Although the taste of grasshoppers may be a thing of concern to you, there is no need to be worried. While they may have mild prawn or other shellfish flavors, they primarily have the taste of the ingredients with which they were prepared. This makes it easy for you to adjust the flavor with herbs and spices to your liking.

Depending on how they’re made, they can be crispy or chewy, enabling you to have a diversity of flavors and textures in your diet, which is also good for morale.

How to eat grasshoppers?

Grasshoppers can be prepared in a variety of ways. The most fundamental point to remember is that you must always cook them. Let’s talk about the most straightforward methods for preparing and cooking them.

Preparing Grasshoppers:

  1.  First, remove the head and entrails — The majority of people prefer removing the head and entrails. Although the entrails are safe to eat, parasite transmission is a possibility. However, this should not be an issue if they are adequately prepared.
  2. Secondly, remove the legs and the wings— while they aren’t poisonous, they aren’t really tasty and can get trapped in your teeth. Hence, leaving the legs and wings can make the whole thing a lot less enjoyable.
  3. Before cooking, wash the grasshoppers to remove any dirt or excessive guts.

Nevertheless, if you’re short on equipment, the simplest way to prepare grasshoppers is to roast them over an open fire.



Crickets are Orthoptera insects that are closely related to grasshoppers. Cricket was earlier classified at the family level by authors such as Imms, but modern authorities such as Otte now classify them as members of the superfamily Grylloidea.

Crickets are one of the most commonly eaten bugs globally. Consumer preferences for more sustainable protein sources have fueled the increase of cricket protein-based products.

These creatures are high in nutrients, particularly protein, and maybe a better sustainable source of protein than pork or beef. Nevertheless, most people are hesitant to eat bugs since they are concerned about food safety.

According to research, people in Western nations are hesitant to eat bugs because they perceive them as unclean or even unsafe. However, as food manufacturers have developed user-friendly cricket-based goods such as protein bars and powders, more and more people in Europe, the U.S., and Canada has come to embrace cricket eating.

Furthermore, limited evidence suggests that eating cricket products, like cricket protein powder, is harmless and has no adverse health consequences in healthy people.

Benefits of eating crickets

Eating crickets has a variety of advantages. Crickets may provide health benefits and are a more environmentally friendly and sustainable protein source than other animal-based sources of protein.

The reason crickets are popular as a source of food is that they are high in numerous nutrients, particularly protein. In fact, according to a 2020 study, most edible crickets contain richer protein than more prevalent animal-based sources of protein, including cattle, goat, pork, chicken, etc.

According to the study, the body can digest a little less of the protein in crickets than it can in milk, eggs, or beef. Notwithstanding, it was also discovered that the body could better digest cricket protein than typical plant-based sources of protein like corn and rice.

In addition, crickets also have a tough exoskeleton that houses chitin, an insoluble fiber that is difficult to digest. This is why the digestion of cricket protein differs. The digestibility of protein from crickets improves considerably when the exoskeleton is stripped.

Most cricket species are full protein sources, which means they have all nine essential amino acids in optimal amounts. Others are protein-deficient due to low quantities of amino acids such as lysine and tryptophan. However, since amino acids are found in many foods, you don’t need to worry about getting enough of them as long as your diet comprises a variety of protein sources.

Regardless, crickets contain high amounts of protein. Therefore, if you want to enhance your daily protein intake, cricket-based products such as protein bars and powders can help.

Furthermore, cultivating insects like crickets for sustenance may be more environmentally friendly and sustainable than breeding animals like cattle, chickens, and pigs.

What do crickets taste like?

They’re most likely not what you expected! The flavor of crickets is moderate, nutty, and earthy. They can be used to complement a meal’s flavor profile or served as a stand-alone dish. They’ve even been described as somewhat malty by some.

Besides, when processed, cricket flour has a delicate earthy flavor that blends well with other ingredients and flavors.

How to eat crickets?

Crickets are usually consumed whole (cooked, pan-fried, roasted, etc.) or dry roasted and ground into a powder. Because of their small size, there’s no culinary purpose to slice them up.

Pan-frying crickets:

Mix equal amounts of vegetable oil and butter in a pan. Then toss the crickets with the seasonings of your choice and fry them until they are brownish and crispy in the hot liquid. After that, drain the crickets, season with salt & pepper to taste, and serve.



Locusts are similar in characteristic to short-horned grasshoppers that often breed in quick succession and become very migratory. Hence, locusts generate swarms of millions of bugs, which can swiftly deplete fields and cause significant damage to food crops. The etymology of locusts is unknown, but they are mentioned in ancient sources, including the Bible, for their damaging characteristics.

Notwithstanding, locusts are one of several edible species of insects, and they can be eaten in a variety of ways.

Locusts have been around for a long time. After thousands of years of living beside them and witnessing the biblical proportions of destruction they do, it’s no wonder that humans have long since consumed the creatures.

With 50 percent crude protein for every 100g of dry locusts, locusts are often regarded as a highly nourishing food source for humans and other mammals. According to James Kelhoffer’s book titled The Diet of John the Baptist, locusts soaked in wild honey were a regular portion of John the Baptist’s diet.

Salting and smoking locusts kept them for lengthy periods in most Middle East, Sindh, and Balochistan in Pakistan.

Locusts were collected, their legs and wings removed, and fried in clarified butter following a horrible infestation in Old Delhi in 1964.

The lower compartments of locusts were boiled and fried in Morocco since the eggs were housed there and were thought to be particularly healthy. They were even ground into fine protein-rich flour by the Greeks.

Nutritional benefits of eating locusts

According to the Encyclopedia of Science, locusts, like many other bugs, are high in protein and other nutrients like calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, manganese, phosphorus, and iron.

Protein: According to Steve Parker’s book “Insects,” locust species range in protein content from roughly 50% to nearly 60% of dry weight, rendering them richer in protein than cattle. Nevertheless, the protein in some locust species is not regarded as complete since it lacks the necessary amino acid methionine, which humans cannot produce. In general, locust protein has a lower nutritional value than casein, the primary protein found in dairy products.

Fats: As per a 2001 volume of the “Journal of King Saud University,” the amount of fat in locusts is lower than the amount of protein, but it’s still a good source, at about 12%. The journal also reports that saturated fatty acids account for 44%, while unsaturated fatty acids are 54%. The most predominant fatty acids are linolenic, palmitic, and oleic acids. However, the researchers did highlight that locusts have a high cholesterol concentration, roughly 286 milligrams for every 100 grams, which is greater than that in meat or chicken.

Other Nutrients: Iodine, thiamine, riboflavin, phosphorus, iron, niacin, and trace amounts of selenium, magnesium, and calcium are present in sufficient proportions in locusts. However, locusts have very low carbohydrate content. Cooked locust has been compared to smoky-flavored bacon and is said to be rather good.

Nevertheless, if you’re in a foreign nation and want to sample locusts, be aware that their sanitary practices are rarely up to par with those in the United States.

What does locust taste like?

The flavor of locusts is described as shrimpy and nutty. Like beef or chicken, most people would not really consider locusts particularly pleasant if they weren’t flavored. You ought to adequately prepare them and create something from them.

How to eat grasshoppers

According to the BBC, locusts can be deep-fried, pan-fried, or even coated in chocolate. In preparing grasshoppers, ensure you remove the heads as well as the entrails and get rid of both. Although the entrails are safe to eat, they must be removed to prevent parasite transmission. As a result, make sure to boil the bugs before consuming them.

Honey Ants

Honey ants, also known as honeypot ants, are specialized workers who are overfed to the point where their abdomens bulge significantly. Other ants then suck food from them via the mechanism known as trophallaxis.

Other worker ants often feed these ants until their stomachs swell to monstrous proportions. A gas bubble dislodged by a sugar fluid inflates their abdomens to a considerable size (like a grape). As a result, during scarcity of food, they will serve as a source of food for the other ants.

Honeypot ants dwell in dry or semi-arid climes, with some species surviving in extremely hot deserts. The ants are gathered by stripping the ground’s surface to reveal a towering ant heap containing honey ants.

Honey ants are unique, as they only have a small percentage of the colony that stores liquid food. Whenever the worker ants are hungry, maybe during food scarcity, they stroke the honey ant’s antenna. Then the ant will regurgitate the stored food for the pleasure of the worker ants. The astonishing thing about honey ants is that it makes up about 50 percent of the colony’s population.

Honey ants stockpile honey in their abdomen by putting their mouth close to the honey source. Then the honey will flow via the ant’s body and into its abdomen as it draws the fluid out of it. Its belly will grow in size as it sucks more fluid.

The benefit of eating honeypot ants

Honeypot ants are rich in sugar which they get from the food they eat. Flower nectar and pollen are their most common meals, which explains why they are so sweet. Occasionally, honey ants will consume the fluids of deceased invader ants who have attempted to enter the colony.

In addition, honeypot ants have a high protein content per ounce. 14 g of protein and 5.7 mg of iron can be found in a single 3.5-ounce meal. They’re also a good source of calcium.

The vast majority of the people that eat honey ants do it for the sugary honey pod rather than the ant body. Of course, this reduces the nutritional value, but consuming these ants has never been done for dietary reasons, to begin with. The honey ant is only eaten as a dessert.

Furthermore, honey ants may also become part of developing trends aimed at offering healthier and much more sustainable meals as edible bugs.

What does a honeypot ant taste like?

Honey ants are delicious. They have a sweet, honey-like flavor, according to those who have tried them. Their sweet and sour nectar-filled belly is the size of a tiny grape. It’s very incredible!

Most other edible ant species are claimed to have a sour or lemony flavor, such as the Amazon’s lemon ant, which gets its flavor from a sort of acid produced by the ants.

How to eat honeypot ants?

Honeypot ant is a luxury to the aboriginal people of Australia and is a staple of their diet. Most people simply bite off the honey section of the ant, which is high in sugar and tastes pleasant like honey, while others crush them as a dessert sweet.


Termites are little, pale, soft-bodied bugs that live in vast colonies with multiple castes, usually within a mound of cemented dirt. Many species feed on wood and can be quite harmful to timber and trees.

Termites are consumed in Asia, South America, and Africa, among other places. In rural areas or places with greater rates of malnutrition, these bugs are traditionally eaten to improve protein and fat intake. That’s because they’re high in amino acids and are relatively easy to come by. In these regions, termites are not only eaten by people; they are also utilized to feed cattle due to their high nutritional value.

Termites can sting or bite; however, they do not carry diseases that are detrimental to humans and will not harm you if prepared properly. So, if you are contemplating snacking on termites, go ahead and eat it!

Some termite species, such as flying termites, Macrotermes bellicosus, reproductive army termites, queen termites, and so on, are edible and continue to be an important source of food, particularly in developing and undeveloped areas around the world.

Benefits of eating termites

Nutrient content: Eating nutritious foods keeps your body healthy, and termites are one option that can be advised. Termites aren’t just insects; they’re also high in vitamins A and C and low in calories, so they won’t make you fat. As per research, termites are also claimed to be a good source of protein and other macro and micronutrients; hence, their eating should be highly encouraged.

Culinary use: Termites have a culinary use as well; many people believe that these bugs provide a lot of nourishment. Some termite species, such as queen termites and flying termites, can serve as sources of food, particularly in developing and undeveloped areas of the world.

Treatment for gastrointestinal diseases: The kaolin clay component found in termite mounds is utilized in the preparation of herbal remedies for treating gastrointestinal problems. It’s used to treat stomach pain, cholera, large intestine bloating, indigestion, diarrhea, and dysentery.

Beneficial for pregnant women: Termite mounds are also being used to make herbal concoctions that are administered on pregnant women’s stomachs. According to studies, the mounds contain a great deal of iron and calcium, both of which are beneficial to pregnant women.

Analgesic properties: According to Wilsanand (2005), Odontotermes formosanus has analgesic effects and can be used to treat rheumatism as well as pain.

Gastric disorders treatment: Termites are also being used to treat gastritis in several countries. In traditional medicine, kaolin, a therapeutic clay material found in mounds, is used to treat gastritis.

Support for the ecosystem: Termites are detritivores, which means they eat decayed organic matter. They help the environment by recycling garbage like feces, animal carcasses, plants, dead plants, wood, cellulose, among other things. According to studies, termites generate up to 11percent of the methane in the atmosphere, which is one of the most potent greenhouse gases, resulting from the breakdown of cellulose.

By consuming, digesting, and defecating into the soil, termites help break down compounds that plants are unable to use—this aids in recycling as well as boosting the mineral content of the soil. Furthermore, termites also help to aerate the soil by producing mounds that contain a lot of phosphorus and nitrogen, which helps plants develop.

How do termites taste?

According to habitual bug eaters, there aren’t many bugs that can compare to the flavor of termites. Cooked termites have a pleasant vegetable taste, whereas raw termites have a pineapple taste.

How to eat termites?

Termites are most usually cooked in a skillet. However, they can also be eaten raw or fried. They have a nutty flavor when cooked, owing to their high oil content.

Witchetty Grubs

Witchetty grubs are the larval stage of various beetle species belonging to the scarab group. They have a creamy-white body, a reddish-orange head, and six legs in front of them. Grubs have a C-shaped body that is smooth and shiny.

Witchetty grubs are insatiable feeders that are usually Japanese annual white grubs, beetle larvae, or green June beetle larvae. Female beetles lay eggs on the soil after mating in late spring or early summer. During the hot summer days, the grubs eat on the earth after the eggs hatch. They also eat the sap from the Acacia plant’s roots, primarily the Witchetty Bush or Witjuti.

Witchetty grubs are really not poisonous and can be consumed safely by humans and animals, but only if they come from good soil.
The witchetty grub is often eaten in Australia. Some are little and crisp, like mealworms, while others, like rhinoceros beetle larva, are thick and luscious.

These amazing bugs are eaten by Australian aborigines and are an integral part of their diets(Bender, 2005).

Health benefits of eating witchetty grubs

Witchetty grubs have an average calorie, high protein, average carbohydrate, and high-fat content, making them a great survival diet. Calcium, Niacin, Thiamin, and Folate are all abundant in this food. Vitamin B1 and vital minerals like magnesium, potassium, and zinc are also abundant in Witchetty grubs.

The carbohydrate composition of Witchetty grubs shows that they are low in Simple carbs and have an average complex carbohydrate.

This bug also contains a lot of protein, which is a vital macronutrient that aids tissue repair, gives you energy, and boosts your immune system.

However, due to its high-fat content, products made out of this bug are not recommended for weight loss.

Witchetty grubs also contain a high percentage of sodium density, making them inappropriate for a low-sodium diet. Apart from other nutrients, it has an average amount of magnesium, a necessary micronutrient for optimal muscle and nerve function, as well as a regular heartbeat. It also aids in the maintenance of a healthy immune system and bone strength.

Witchetty Grubs has been rated a composite nutritional score of 52; hence, they should be eaten in moderation.

What do witchetty grubs taste like?

These amazing little bugs have a nutty taste and are claimed to flavor like chicken when adequately prepared, in addition to providing nutrients to the locals. Furthermore, the raw witchetty grub is reported to taste similar to almonds, and when cooked, the skin turns crisp akin to roast chicken.

How to eat witchetty grubs?

Witchetty grubs can be eaten raw or partially cooked over coals. They can also be roasted on hot ashes or barbecued if the thought of a live bug creeping down your gullet turns you off. When cooked, their skin crisps up like a roast chicken, while the meat within remains white and chewy.


Woodlice are crustaceans belonging to the isopods’ monophyletic suborder Oniscidea. They acquire their name from the fact that they are frequently seen in old wood. The original woodlice were marine isopods that colonized land in the Carboniferous era; however, the earliest known fossils date from the Cretaceous. Although they are commonly known as terrestrial isopods, other species live semi-terrestrial lives or have recolonized aquatic settings.

Woodlice are known by a variety of names. They are commonly referred to as pill bugs in the U. S., maybe because several species wrap up into a kind of spherical ball as a defensive strategy and resemble miniature pills. They’re known by a variety of names around the UK, including cheese bugs and cheesy bugs.

Pillbugs prefer to eat rotting plant matter and wood and are often referred to as the insect world’s recyclers. They tend to favor damp areas and thrive in them; however, you are certain to find some woodlice in your garden if you have a compost pile. They’ll do great for your compost pile, and they might even keep them out of other parts of the garden.

Woodlice are not reported to be threatening to humans. They do not taint food or transmit diseases and are mostly harmless when they’re outside; it’s when they get indoors that they’ll be a concern.

Many people are unaware that pill bugs can be eaten. Not only are they safe for eating, but some of them also have a shrimp-like flavor and can be used to make a sauce or put into a soup.

Pillbugs come in thousands of different kinds, most of which are edible. To see if they’re edible, make sure they’re not pilling millipedes, which seem identical but are rounder, smaller, and smoother. After that, make sure it doesn’t smell terrible, and if it does, you shouldn’t eat it any longer. The woodlice species that curl into a sphere are much more likely to be edible and delicious in general, although many other species are also edible and tasty.

Health benefits of eating woodlice

Woodlice is a nutrient-dense food. It has a low-calorie count and a rich protein and healthy fat content, and a range of minerals and vitamins. These bugs have a similar nutrient profile to shrimp, but they would have to be consumed in huge quantities to make up a significant nutritional component of anyone’s diet.

What do woodlice taste like?

Woodlice, although being crustaceans resembling lobsters and crabs, are claimed to have a shrimp or prawn-like flavor.

How to eat woodlice?

Woodlice have a significant benefit over snails and slugs in that they can be consumed nearly immediately after being collected, while snails and slugs ought to be placed in a plastic bag for around 24 hours to allow their guts to empty. For woodlice, simply drop them into boiling water, and they’ll be ready to eat in no time.

How to cook them:

1. Place them in a pot of boiling water for a few minutes. They may contain nematodes that you don’t want roaming about your intestines, so make sure they’re thoroughly cooked.

2. Drain the water once they are done, and you can then begin eating.


Earthworms are terrestrial invertebrates that are parts of the phylum Annelida. They have a tube-within-a-tube body design, external fragmentation that corresponds to internal segmentation, and setae on all segments. They can be found anywhere there is suitable soil, temperature, and water.

Earthworms come in hundreds of distinct species all over the world. All are regarded as acceptable for human consumption; however, they should be cleaned before eating to remove the accumulated dirt.

Earthworms are consumed in various parts of the world, like the Philippines and China (IFIS, 2009). Earthworms are a great source of easily accessible protein and minerals in the diet of humans, according to their nutrient content, and are listed in the Dictionary of Food Science and Technology (IFIS, 2009).

The truth is that all earthworm species are safe for human consumption. The Maoris of New Zealand regard them as a delicacy. In Japan, they’re even made into pies. They are also reported to be consumed in regions of Africa, South America, and New Guinea. The Perionyx excavatus species are reared in vegetable waste in the Philippines and afterward prepared with herbs and spice to form steaklets for human consumption.

Using live earthworms as fishing bait, duck feed, and fish feed is a time-honored cultural practice. Even so, since the possibility of using some earthworms in speeding up waste decay and protein production on a huge scale was noted in the last 30 years, earthworm tradition has expanded globally as a superb source of protein, substituting soybean meal and fish meal on a commercial level.

Health benefits of eating earthworms

There are numerous advantages to using earthworms. Many people eat it to treat diseases, and it has no side effects; therefore, it is safe to take.

Those who had a high body temperature or a fever have reported that their symptoms eased after eating earthworms as an additional element.

Earthworms, as per a study, are a really rich protein source. The worm Lumbricus rubellus, for example, has a high protein level of around 76 percent. This concentration is more significant than mammalian meat (65%) or fish (5%). Earthworms are also dense in amino acids and iron, which aid in the digestion of food and the rebuilding of human tissue. Copper, zinc, and manganese are also present.

According to Dufour, earthworms are a good source of calcium, comparable to that found in cow’s milk or fresh cheese.

Many researchers have shown that protein extraction yields from earthworms have antibacterial properties, inhibiting the growth of gram-negative bacteria such as Shigella dysenteriae, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, and Staphylococcus aureus.

What do earthworms taste like?

People who have tasted earthworms say the flavor is similar to bacon and distractingly earthy, which makes sense given that earthworms consume dirt. They’re also said to have a starchy flavor, similar to a raw, soft potato. An exoskeleton resides within their bodies, which gives off a crunch at first.

How to eat earthworms?

While worms can be consumed fresh in an emergency, if possible, you ought to cook them. Like the majority of the bugs on this list, they have the capability to carry parasites, which should prompt you to cook them properly. Not to mention the fact that eating a live earthworm is highly uncomfortable.

Stink Bugs

There are various ways of describing stink bugs. “Shield-shaped insects” and “large, oval-shaped insects” are two terms used to describe them. Adult stink bugs can grow to be almost 2 cm long. They’re almost as long as they are wide.

Stink bugs are not really known to bite people or cause property damage, but they should be handled with care to avoid releasing their foul stench. These bugs ruin crops and constitute a hazard to the agricultural economy, despite the fact that they do not pose direct harm to humans.

The search for winter quarters is triggered by seasonal cues, such as shorter days and cooler temperatures, which send stink bugs scurrying for shields. It’d be one thing if they took refuge underneath the tree bark or mulch. However, they prefer to spend the winter in a building, swarming into cracks and holes by the hundreds.

Stink bugs feed on leaves, fruits, flowers, and soybeans, among other things. They also devour caterpillars and other insects. Flight is a vital mode of transportation for this type of bug since they use it to find a mate, food, and refuge.

For ages, edible stink bugs have been offered as food in Malawi, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. They are also a specialty for the Mapulana people of Mpumalanga and the Venda people of Limpopo in South Africa. Vitamins, protein, and micronutrients are all abundant in them.
However, removing the bitter-tasting, stinky defense compounds are critical as they determine their palatability.

Stink bugs are also common in Mexico. For example, they are the primary attraction of the Jumil Festival in Taxco, where people gather the bugs from surrounding woods and consume them alive.

Health benefits of eating stink bugs

Chemical analyses of stink bugs disclosed that the bugs contain lots of protein and nine essential amino acids, as per research published in PLOS One on January 5. The stinkbugs also have antioxidants and cholesterol-lowering fatty acids, which they derive from a flowering plant they eat.

The researchers believe that E. delegorguei is a suitable protein supplement for grain-based diets typical in underdeveloped nations. However, like with other foods, appropriate food safety is critical. Low quantities of a cancer-causing fungal toxin are picked up by stink bugs gathered in grain bags or traditional wooden baskets. The researchers discovered that preserving the bugs in clean zip lock bags keeps the snack free of toxins.

They contain fatty acids, flavonoids (inflammation-fighting compounds), and amino acids. Minerals including potassium, iron, and phosphorus can also be found in them.

What do stink bugs taste like?

Stink bugs are claimed to have a taste similar to cinnamon, apples, and iodine, and they also give wines a cilantro-like taste.

How to prepare/eat stink bugs?

The dead ones’ heads are detached, and the defense chemicals are sucked out via the aperture. The live ones are placed in a bowl of warm water and agitated. When they are in danger, they exude all of their defense chemicals into the water; hence, the water is discarded after the first boil (repeated at least once).

They are then sun-dried after being boiled for a few minutes. With some salt, the dried ones can be fried and eaten as a snack.


Scorpions belong to the order Scorpiones, which are predatory arachnids. They have eight legs and can be distinguished by a pair of gripping pincers and a small, fragmented tail that often curves forward over the back and often ends in a stinger.

Scorpions are most frequent in semi-arid areas and prefer warm, dry conditions. On the other hand, they are an adaptive organism that may be found in mountains, woods, jungles, savannahs, and even caves.

Scorpions are ordinarily nocturnal animals that spend most of their time hiding beneath logs, rocks, and other hiding places. Some species go so far as to burrow into the soil.

Scorpions actively hunt and prowl at night in search of prey. These creatures are known for ambushing their prey, including spiders, insects, and smaller scorpions, and their venoms can often immobilize them. They decompose their food with their venom before sucking up the remnants.

Some adventurers shun scorpions because of their venomous stingers, but you may not have an option in a survival situation.

Although water and food are vital for existence, feeding on scorpions is not part of popular culture in many nations.

Scorpions are high in protein, plentiful in some locations, and relatively easy to find and trap; thus, they may save your life.

These animals may not attract the faint of heart, but they are actually quite tasty when properly prepared. It takes skill and experience to catch and prepare these deadly creatures safely.

Benefits of eating scorpion

The nutritional content of scorpions can be a great source of protein, energy, minerals, and fat.

A plate (100 g) of pulverized scorpion sample provides 331.55 kcal of daily required calories on average. The nutritional value of oxalate, phytate, and tannin content in scorpions is that they form insoluble compounds with minerals and proteins.

Several studies have proven that scorpion venom is a great pain reliever and treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. Researchers from Mexico and Stanford University have also found that the venom of a scorpion found in Eastern Mexico possesses antibacterial characteristics.

Like most of the insects described, scorpions are thought to have healing properties in southern China. And unlike in Beijing and other northern cities where they are skewered and fried, they’re commonly eaten in a traditional soup down south.

What do scorpions taste like?

The flavor of a scorpion is reported to be slightly fishy. Don’t worry; scorpion venom would become non-poisonous when it is cooked. It’s been compared to the taste of beef jerky and soft-shell crab.

How to eat a scorpion?

Scorpions can be eaten roasted, fried, grilled, or raw. Live scorpions are usually consumed with their stingers removed and dipped in wine.

However, cooking them is preferable, partly because it improves the flavor and ensures that they are clean. It’s rare (but not impossible) for a scorpion to carry parasites.


Silkworms are larvae of a variety of moth species that generate silk. A silkworm wraps itself in raw silk as it enters the pupa stage. People usually prefer removing the silk from the cocoon by plucking and cooking the whole pupa. The expended pupae are deemed waste materials in this process. Still, they have long been gathered by Eastern cultures for use in a variety of purposes such as fertilizers, industrial oil production, cattle feed, and even human meals.

Silkworms spin two-fiber composites from two intersecting silk glands. A glue-like sericin protein covering surrounds these fibers, holding the fibers and also the cocoons intact. Single silkworm silk fibers (brin) have a diameter of 10–12 micrometers and a triangular cross-section, culminating in a composite fiber with a diameter of around 65 micrometers.

Mulberry leaves are the sole food that silkworms eat. And you can control the whole process by shielding them from mice, ants, and disease; keeping the worms in a regulated environment; feeding them mulberry leaves. The silk generated is referred to as “real silk.” Notwithstanding, wild silkworms will provide for themselves by eating mulberry and a variety of other leaves.

Health benefits of eating silkworms

According to extensive research, silkworm pupae contain a well-balanced nutritional profile ( protein, vitamins, lipids, and minerals), making them a good source of nourishment for humans. Silkworm pupae are also a rich insect source of materials used in pharmaceuticals, culinary additives, medicines, and animal feed.

Besides, they have a higher percentage of three calorigenic nutrients (carbohydrates, fat, and protein) than a regular diet, offering up to 230 kcal per 100 g.

Silkworm pupae have a protein level of roughly 21.5 percent, which is greater than that of other common animal products. The protein concentration of silkworm pupae has been estimated to be as high as 49–54 percent on a dry weight basis. Due to their high amount of essential amino acids, silkworm pupae proteins are termed “full proteins.” In reality, according to FAO/World Health Organization regulations, silkworms include all of the amino acids needed by the human body in the proper amounts.

When silkworm pupae consume mulberry leaves, they produce antinutrients. Phytate and phytin phosphorus, as well as oxalate alkaloid, tannic acid, flavonoids, and saponin, are the antinutrients that silkworms contain. These antinutrients, on the other hand, are present in small amounts and are tolerated by humans. As a result, silkworm pupae can be consumed by humans without any pose of threat.

Ultimately, silkworm pupae are high in protein, vitamins, lipids, and minerals, all of which are essential parts of the human diet.

What do silkworms taste like?

They’re crunchy, slightly fishy, and have a buttery aftertaste when lightly fried in oil. Silkworms are also unexpectedly delicious, having a crispy exterior and a flavor and texture similar to mashed potatoes on the inside.

How to eat silkworms?

Cooked silkworms are the most common way to consume them. Some people, on the other hand, like roasting or frying it. Regardless, everything tastes great.


The larval phase belonging to the order Lepidoptera is known as a caterpillar. The use of the word is subjective, as it is with most famous names because sawfly larvae are also known as caterpillars.

Caterpillars possess six real legs and a long, worm-like body. They may also have a varied number of stumpy fake legs (termed prolegs) that aid in movement and clinging to objects. Caterpillars go through a lot of changes from the time they hatch until the time they pupate.

Caterpillars are slow-moving critters; thus, a single one can be readily placed into a container. The approach is the same if there is a huge nest, but shaking them out may be quicker.

While you’ll probably be fine if you can’t identify the caterpillar, don’t try to catch it with your hands. Instead of risking an allergic response, use a stick or another object to get them into your container.

Because of the number of toxins it takes in, even the monarch caterpillar found throughout North America can be toxic.

While the developed western world finds caterpillars an unappealing food, they are a delicacy in many countries now and throughout history. If you’re in a survival situation, you might be wondering if caterpillars are a viable food source. The truth is that it is safe to feed on caterpillars since it is claimed not to pose any health threat to humans.

While beetles and crickets are the most popular insects consumed by humans, caterpillars (larvae) can be a terrific alternative. They’re a good choice for survival just because of their nutritional worth. However, it should be emphasized that to achieve the required daily nutritional needs, you’d need roughly 34 caterpillars every day.

Benefits of eating caterpillars

There have been several pieces of research into the nutritional value of caterpillars as a result of the increasing demand for a sustainable food source as the world’s population grows.
Caterpillars are rich in protein and healthy fats and can be consumed to survive. They’re high in calcium and iron but are low in carbs. When looking for caterpillars, be sure to avoid the deadly types, which are usually hairy or have brightly colored patterns.

Surprisingly, 100 grams of these creatures have 390 calories, 55 g of protein, 9 g of carbs, and 11 g of fat, all of which are more than proteins found in the average American diet.

Caterpillars also contain 31 mg of iron per 100 g of body weight. The hemoglobin component of red blood cells requires iron to function. These red blood cells are primarily crucial for transporting oxygen and nutrients to the body’s tissues, along with many other things.

Anemia is a condition marked by low hemoglobin levels and is characterized by tiredness and pale complexion.

Furthermore, caterpillars are rich in fiber, which is necessary for the normal functioning and preservation of the gastrointestinal tract. It aids in the prevention of constipation-related issues.

What do caterpillars taste like?

While the technique you employ to prepare caterpillars can influence their taste, insects are generally thought to have a nutty flavor. According to the BBC, the taste of several larvae and caterpillars is based on their preparation methods. Fried ones are said to taste like “meaty vegetables,” while the ones cooked over an open flame are claimed to taste like “buttery pasta.”

However, it appears that when insects are cooked, they acquire a lot of taste from their surroundings, drastically altering their flavor.

How to eat caterpillars?

Caterpillars are commonly consumed throughout many cultures; thus, the procedure of cooking them has been extensively researched. In parts of Africa where the mopane caterpillar is a renowned delicacy, these bugs are captured from their dwellings before their intestines are detached. They are then boiled in saltwater for a couple of hours before being dried.

You can consume them as it is or rehydrate them before frying if possible, using this approach.

June Bugs

June bugs, also referred to as May bugs, are scarab beetles that got their name from the month they are most common. Matured June bugs are usually brown to red and are half an inch to one inch long. They’re noted for their awkward flight patterns, which frequently result in crashes into windows.

June bugs are a relatively safe bug to begin with, because there are no hazardous look-alikes, and they prefer to eat harmless materials, such as organic matter. You can eat both the adult and larval stages of June bugs; however, some people prefer the larval stage’s flavor.
Whereas many people consume adult June bugs, the larvae are much more nourishing.

There’s no denying that these bugs once crawled, flew, fed, and collided with objects (June bugs are somewhat clumsy). But that doesn’t rule out the possibility of eating them if you have the desire for it. June Bugs, or June Beetles, as they are often known, are a fantastic protein source and calcium, with a crunchy and distinctive taste.

These small insects are usually active at night when they’re alive. So, if you would like to be receptive to their activities, enjoy them in the evening as a party snack, an unconventional pizza topping, dipped in chili sauce, or whatever you choose.

Humans do not only consume these creatures, but even wild animals, including raccoons, skunks, and a variety of bird species, also feed on them during all phases of the bug’s life cycle. When searching for June bug larvae, animals frequently dig up the soil, causing damage to crops, gardens, and even lawns.

Benefits of eating june bugs

Even though many people dislike June bugs, they perform a crucial part in the cycle of nutrients in ecosystems. By chowing on the roots of grass, June bugs act by concentrating nutrients into juicy (larva) and crunchy (adult) calorie-rich packets eaten by humans and a number of other creatures.

June bugs are high in protein (40 – 50%), as well as lipids (7 – 18 %). Lipids form a bilayer within the cell that inhibits water-soluble molecules from flowing through. At the same time, proteins create the pathways that control the movement of various chemicals into and out of the cell. That is besides establishing the base for the receptors.

What is the taste of june bugs?

When these bugs are roasted over an open fire, the skin crisps up resembling roast chicken, and the flesh is claimed to have a flavor similar to peanut butter or almonds.

How to eat june bugs?

June Bugs are commonly consumed fresh, with the wings plucked and the head discarded while the plump body is consumed only. June bugs vary from dehydrated bugs in that the meat within dries up, creating a hollow interior. You can grind June bugs to form a nourishing powder and include it in any meal to boost the nutritional value. At the same time, you can detach the legs and wings, dip them in your choice sauce, and have a whole new flavor sensation.

How to fry june bugs?

In a skillet, add and heat some olive oil until it shimmers. Put in the June bugs and saute for around 5 minutes, or until they are crispy. You can serve it immediately with a sprinkled pinch of salt and chili powder.


The larval cycle of the Darkling beetle bug is what is commonly referred to as mealworms. These creatures prefer dark, dry environments, such as flour or stored chicken feed. They get their nutrients and water from the grain in which they dwell.

Throughout her 5 to 6 month lifespan, adult female beetles can lay up to 500 eggs. The eggs develop into mealworm larvae after a median of 12 days. Before reaching the pupa stage at roughly three months, these creatures will molt their exoskeleton multiple times.

Humans can eat mealworms, which are processed into a variety of insect foods like insect burgers sold in grocery stores.

Many locals of Asian nations, notably in Southeast Asia, have traditionally been eating mealworms. They’re prevalent in food markets there and are sold as a local delicacy with other edible insects. Mealworms have lately been marketed as a nutritious snack food, although its consumption dates back centuries.

Mealworms were recognized as food in Switzerland in May 2017. Besides that, dried mealworms were approved as a novel food in the European Union in June 2021, after the European Food Safety Authority found that the larvae were safe to eat.

These small creatures can easily be grown on wheat bran, grain, or fresh oats, along with sliced carrots, apples, or potatoes as a source of moisture. Mealworms are ideal for scalable industrialized mass production because of the tiny area needed to grow them.

Benefits of eating mealworms

Mealworms are high in essential nutrients and protein, and they are far more environmentally friendly than meat. A single serving of mealworm powder is said to have around 55% protein, contain more iron than sirloin beef, and are rich in all essential amino and fatty acids.

Besides, mealworms need 2,000 fewer gallons of water and utilize less than 20% of the acreage required to produce the same amount of digestible protein as beef. Also, mealworms only require a square-foot box in the section of your house to live and grow, whereas cattle require a farm or ranch to live and thrive.

In addition, these creatures are commonly used as pet food for birds, reptiles, and fish kept in captivity. They’re also put out in bird feeders for wild birds, especially during the nesting season. Mealworms are also used as bait for fishing.

They are sold in bulk in retail stores and are usually packaged with bran or oatmeal for eating. Commercial producers often include a juvenile hormone into the feeding procedures to maintain the mealworm in the larval stage and attain an unnatural length of 2 cm or even larger.

Furthermore, mealworms can also break down polystyrene into useful organic compounds at a rate of 34-39 mg per day, according to a study published in 2015. Moreover, no difference was detected during the one-month research between mealworms fed solely styrofoam and mealworms fed regular diets. The polystyrene is degraded by microorganisms in the mealworm’s gut, with mealworms administered the antibiotic gentamicin exhibiting no symptoms of decomposition.

With all of these advantages, it’s evident that environmentally sustainable mealworms might contribute to feeding the world’s rising population while also decreasing malnutrition.

What is the taste of mealworms?

Mealworms have a very mild taste; so, they can be added to any dish as a protein source! They have a mild nutty flavor when roasted, and they go great with just about anything.

How to eat mealworms?

Mealworms can be consumed fresh and alive or pan-fried; however, dry-roasting is always the tastiest and least recognized method of consumption. Dry roasting is an excellent way of storing surplus mealworms. Besides that, dried worms take up little space and can be stored for up to one year without refrigeration.

To dry roast them, put the mealworms in a strainer, stir, and rinse them with cool water. Then, dry the mealworms using a paper towel and put them in the refrigerator for around 15 minutes to ensure they are dead. To get the mealworms dry and crispy, scatter them on a baking sheet and bake them for approximately 2 hours.


A wasp is any insect belonging to the narrow-waisted suborder Apocrita of the order Hymenoptera that is not either a bee or an ant. This does not include broad-waisted sawflies, which resemble wasps but belong to a different suborder.

Wasps are generally best known for causing trouble at summer picnics, yet they play a crucial role in maintaining the ecosystem’s equilibrium.

Social wasp colonies are annoyances as they commonly build their nests in buildings and sting you if you come too close. Irrespective of our displeasure with this insect, the ecology depends on them.

Wasps have been hunted, reared, and eaten by Japanese populations for years.

In Japan, wasp larvae from hebo wasps are customarily eaten. These wasps are also cultivated for their larvae in Kushihara and the neighboring areas. Murder hornets are also captured and eaten as a fried delicacy in regions of Japan, besides the larvae.

In Kushihara and the neighboring areas of Japan, the wasp larvae are so famous that they are grown, and the nest is kept in people’s gardens. People who rear wasps usually boost the number of wasp larvae and size by giving them sugar water and meat.

Farmed wasp colonies also develop considerably larger than typical since they are not exposed to the cold, which kills wasps. Wasp colonies will continue to expand and have several queens in warm climates or even when kept warm artificially.

In some parts of Japan, wasp larvae are usually consumed as a distinct delicacy, though it appears that consuming wasps is less popular among the younger ages.

During the Hebo Matsuri Wasp festival, which is held every November in Japan, individuals bring wasp nests that have been obtained from the surrounding forests and nurtured to contest for the heaviest nests.

Hunting wasps and raising wasp nests have become a communal pastime and a hobby, respectively. Hunters are known to use bait to locate these wasp nests. To nourish the maturing larvae in the nest, they require a lot of meat protein – it is these larvae that the hunters are looking for. Hunters use chunks of meat with connected ribbons to lure wasps in order to find the nests.

A full festival is devoted entirely to the autumn gathering of wasps and their larvae in Kushihara, near Tokyo, and somewhere else in the Central Highlands. Cooks contest to prepare the most delectable wasp–based meal, with prizes offered for the heaviest wasp nest, either captured or raised at home.

Benefits of eating wasps

The graphic by Western Exterminator indicates that wasps and bees are the most protein-rich, containing between 13g and 77g of protein for every 100g serving.

There have already been some studies on the nutritional value of adult wasps, which have revealed that they are good suppliers of protein, fat, and micronutrients, such as vitamins and minerals.

In addition, wasps, like bees, are among humanity’s most ecologically significant creatures, pollinating our flowers and food crops. Wasps, in addition to bees, control populations of crop pests like whiteflies and caterpillars, helping to ensure global food security.

They do this by releasing parasite eggs into the body of caterpillars in a creepy manner. Each day, a small wasp colony consumes up to 3,000 mosquitos, flies, and spiders, killing insects that transmit human diseases.

What is the taste of wasp?

While grownup hornets aren’t particularly tasty, their larvae are. They have a meaty, deep flavor and a texture that is almost shrimp-like.

How to eat wasp?

Pickling wasp larvae is a popular way to eat them in Japan; they can also be fried with sugar, soy sauce, and sake and served over rice.


You won’t be surprised to find that moths and butterflies are very similar. In fact, they are both members of the Lepidoptera family of flying insects, which means “scale wings” in Greek.

Both species are unlikely to have evolved at the same time. Butterflies are said to have originated from moths and were once the diurnal – or daylight – counterparts of moths. The brightly colored butterflies we see now originated much later after flowering plants became common.

Moths are important contributors to the food chain due to their abundance.

Moths are also a key source of food for people in several regions of the world. As per a 2004 report by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, over 90percent of the population of some African nations consume moth and butterfly larvae.

In fact, moth larvae or caterpillars are eaten routinely together with other insects in several countries and tribes since they are plentiful compared to other types of food and contain an additional source of high protein.

In terms of the human digestive system, moth larvae may be treated similarly to any other animal protein which has to be digested and processed.

Besides, unless someone is intolerant or the larvae are poisonous to humans, moths can be safely consumed without worrying about any health consequences.

Benefits of eating moths

Moth larvae, often known as caterpillars, are high in protein and good fats, and studies suggest that 100 grams of these insects supply more than 100percent of the daily need for some minerals like calcium, zinc, and potassium. They’re also high in iron and have been linked to the treatment of nutritional deficits in impoverished countries.

In addition, areas populated by moths, butterflies, and other invertebrates aid with pollination and natural pest management. Moths alongside butterflies are also essential food sources for birds, bats, and other creatures in the food chain.

What is the taste of moths?

As per a scientist who has tasted many moths in the spirit of science, moths taste like “dry toast” with no flavor, the scientist said they didn’t have a bitter taste, but it’s been reported that some species do.

How to eat moths?

It is not advised to eat moths in their beautiful winged form. It is best to consume them in their mushy worm form, which can be grilled or fried.


Mayflies are water insects named after the month of May when the adult emerges. Mayflies hatch in enormous numbers in the spring, but they don’t stop until the fall. The adult mayfly has a limited lifespan since its sole purpose is to reproduce.

Mayflies have long wings and tails that do not wrap flat over the abdomen, which are features that were likely present in the early flying insects.

Mayflies are eaten in a variety of cultures, and they are thought to have the highest raw protein concentration of any consumable insect by dry weight. People in Malawi, Kungu, often make a cake with a paste of mayflies for consumption. Besides, in various regions of Japan and China, adult mayflies are gathered and consumed. Additionally, Povilla mayflies are gathered, dried, and stored near Lake Victoria for use in culinary purposes.

Furthermore, the Muyu tribe of Indonesia uses mosquito nets to gather spent mayflies off the top of rivers and streams. Before being consumed, the catch is wrapped in wild banana leaves and grilled over coals or heated in a pan. While adult mayflies are more typically gathered and served, larvae of Euthyplocia Eaton (Euthyplociidae) are said to have been consumed raw or mixed into a spicy sauce by Incas in the seventeenth century.

People often consume mayflies since they are neither dangerous nor venomous; besides, they do not pose any risk of infection.

Benefits of eating mayflies

Mayflies, irrespective of their small size and fragile nature, are naturally abundant in protein, B vitamins, minerals, and essential amino acids and low in fat, making them a key part of some cultures’ diets. Mayfly eating by humans has been observed in many countries.

Also, mayflies add value to ecosystem provisioning by being used as food by human cultures all over the world, as laboratory animals, and as a possible source of anticancer compounds. Besides, they purify freshwater and give regulatory services as a result. Additionally, they perform a variety of important ecosystem services, including decomposition, bio-irrigation, bioturbation, nutrition for a variety of non-human creatures, nutrient cycling, and more.

Mayflies play an important role in freshwater ecosystems’ food webs, releasing energy held in algae and other aquatic plants to higher feeders (other invertebrates, birds, fish, and more).

What is the taste of mayflies?

Mayflies are believed to have a delicious flavor. It’s said to have a crunch and a flavor similar to the soft section at the bottom of a grass stalk.

How to eat mayflies?

Mayflies can be eaten uncooked like many other insects, though boiling them is always a safer alternative. They can also be consumed fried.


Leeches belong to the worm family; however, unlike most other worms, which are vegetarian or feed on decaying matter, the leech only feeds on the blood of humans and other mammals.

They have a squishy, segmented body that mirrors that of slugs. Leeches can enlarge to absorb the blood they suck from their victims by extending and contracting their incredibly stretchy bodies.

These creatures have a mouth at the tip of their proboscis that is equipped with sharp teeth for slicing via skin. Their saliva contains a substance that works as a blood thinner, preventing blood clots from forming at their bite site.

Their saliva also has an anesthetic, which numbs your skin and stops you from feeling pain while they slice into your skin to gain access to your blood vessels.

Leeches are found in many parts of the world and can be consumed for food. It is possible to eat live leeches, although they are dangerous if not chewed properly.

Consuming leeches is also one of those things that we would only do if we were desperate for food. However, there are a few secrets to creating a meal out of this repulsive little creature, as well as certain risks to be wary of.

Leeches are an excellent survival food since they can be found almost anywhere on the planet. They can be found on every continent, primarily in tropical and subtropical climates.

Lots of people believe that leeches only live in water; however, there are kinds of leeches that live totally on land as well as in the sea.

So, if you’re in a location where leeches are present, you’ll find them stuck to your skin at a certain point, and often a large number of them at once!

Terrestrial leeches usually rest on the edges of vegetation like leaves and grasses, and they are notified of your presence by the carbon dioxide you typically exhale. This gives them time to be ready to pounce onto your body as you pass by. They will frequently grip your clothing and move around till they find a spot of exposed skin to bite onto and start sucking.

Benefits of eating leeches

Protein is the most important nutrient that a leech can provide. If the leech has recently eaten, the blood inside it contains an additional nutritional value in the form of iron as well as other elements.

Consuming leeches provides relatively little in the way of carb or other energy value; hence, the primary rationale for eating a leech is to keep you going in the short term. They might be considered a “short” survival delicacy while you focus on honing your survival abilities and locating another source of sustenance in the outdoors. Perhaps, anything else you find will be a little more palate-pleasing, and you’ll be able to stop eating leeches!

How to eat leeches?

Leeches are best eaten when ground into a paste and fried with a bit of oil or butter.
It is safe to consume a live leech, but it must be done with care. To avoid them clinging onto the back of your throat and giving you problems, they have to be chewed thoroughly before swallowing.
Leeches can be squashed and cooked over an open flame, which cooks them and kills them, and improves their flavor. Cooking them will also allow you to add taste in the form of foraged wild greens, improving or masking the taste and keeping you from the reality that you’re eating leeches.


Tarantulas are a group of huge, hairy spiders that belong to the Theraphosidae family. These spiders have a lifespan of up to 25 years and can be tamed into loving pets. They are normally calm, according to their owners, and behave well in school and group exhibitions. Tarantulas, in general, respond well to everyday handling.

The huge, hairy legs and bodies of tarantulas give some people the creeps. However, except for an unpleasant bite, these spiders are safe to humans, and their mild venom is weaker than that of a common bee.

A lot of tarantula species can be found in most subtropical, tropical, and desert regions of the world. They differ in behavior and color depending on their surroundings. Tarantulas, on the other hand, are burrowers who dwell in the ground.

Consumption of fried tarantulas has become a popular adventure for many tourists in Cambodia. However, due to deforestation and the over-capturing of the spiders, this delicacy is in jeopardy of extinction.

Fried tarantulas are a typical delicacy for most aborigines of Cambodia. Locals and daring tourists consume the spiders by the handful from street vendors’ carts, often wrapped in sugar or garlic. While this unique culinary dish may appear disgusting to foreigners, the practice has sad, historical roots dating back to Pol Pot’s homicidal regime and the communist Khmer Rouge movement.

The spiders, known for their high protein, zinc, and folic acid content, helped Cambodians who were in desperate need of food. Tarantulas are easy to catch, despite many westerners’ phobias of them—so easy that youngsters still go into the woods alone to lure them out into the open.

Benefits of eating tarantulas

The University of Copenhagen claims that tarantulas are dense in zinc and are especially beneficial to infant nutrition. Sodium, Magnesium, and Phosphorus are all abundant in them.
In addition, tarantulas have a high amount of protein. Their amino acid profile suggests that bugs can offer a high-quality protein source that can drive postprandial muscle protein accretion in the same way that high-quality animal-based sources of protein can.

What is the taste of tarantulas?

The fried tarantulas have a distinct flavor that some compare to a taste somewhere between chicken and cod. The outside turns crispy, while the inside remains soft after frying.

How to eat tarantulas?

These critters are either consumed cooked or fried. After capturing the tarantulas, the natives detach their fangs before preparing them. After the fangs have been removed, the tarantulas are spiced with salt, soy sauce, garlic, and sometimes sugar prior to serving.

Once the tarantula is served before you, it is ideal to begin the eating with its legs, and you can rip them off with your hands or eat them off the body. They have a crisp texture and a chip-like flavor. Nevertheless, the look of their hairy legs may not seem encouraging, but have no fear!
After you’ve finished with the legs, it’s time to go on to the body. To get to the meat within, gently crack the hard outer shell, which is lean and flavorful, akin to chicken. When you try it, you will wish there was much more. Last but not least, there’s the spider’s butt. It’s important to remember that it’s rather bitter, and most foreigners will avoid it. Nevertheless, Cambodians eat it as well.


Cockroaches are generic insects with limited adaptations, and they may be the most ancient Neopterin insects alive today.

Cockroaches are a very old species, with roots dating back to the Carboniferous epoch, roughly 300-350 million years ago. Nevertheless, those early cockroaches do not have the internal ovipositors that present cockroaches have.

Cockroaches have evolved into some of the most adaptive bugs on the planet over millions of years. These insects are found in over 4,000 different species around the world. In the United States, around 70 of these species can be found.

Cockroaches are abundant in houses and buildings as they like warm, moist areas with easy access to food and water.

You might be perplexed as to why someone would sit down and begin eating cockroaches while smiling. Yes, it has now been scientifically confirmed. Cockroaches are edible and nutritious, with high protein content. However, it must be well cooked in order to kill the microorganisms found on its body.

Consumption of bugs is undoubtedly unpleasant to us, especially in Western civilization, where we don’t even contemplate them. However, many cultures, particularly Asians, eat cockroaches and other bugs as part of their diet. Cockroaches are a tasty delicacy in Thailand, particularly when deep-fried in oil to get that crispy texture and flavor.

Benefits of eating cockroaches

Squashed cockroaches, scientifically known as Periplaneta Americana, are included in Chinese medicine and some medicinal cosmetics. In fact, roaches were included in the Compendium of Materia Medica, the most detailed medical book ever written regarding traditional Chinese medicine, in the late 16th century.

They’re claimed to be most useful for healing scars, although some individuals eat or take crushed cockroach meds that, at least, can help shrink tumors as per the marketers.
Additionally, consuming cockroaches may boost your body’s response to bacterial infections. Besides, researchers have discovered that the brains of cockroaches contain significant antibiotic capabilities that could be used to treat multidrug-resistant bacterial diseases. As per the findings, cockroach brain and nervous system tissues can destroy over 90% of Pathogenic Escherichia coli and MRSA without affecting human cells.

Because of its nutritional value, cockroach milk has gained popularity as a healthy food. According to lab research, it’s more than three times as nutrient-dense as human breast milk, cow’s milk, and buffalo milk. Since cockroach milk isn’t commercially available, its general nutritional information is yet to be known.
Furthermore, cockroaches are said to have protein crystals that carry a significant quantity of energy, far more than dairy milk from cows. It is also claimed that the proteins contain a lot of essential amino acids, which are helpful for muscle regeneration.

What is the taste of cockroaches?

People who have eaten this bug have described it as tasting like blue cheese. Though blue cheese and cranberry are a good match, the cockroach’s flavor didn’t blend well with the cranberry’s vivid tartness.

How to eat cockroaches?

Cockroaches can be consumed boiled, fried, sautéed, or toasted, depending on your preference.

To fry, heat a few vegetable oils in a skillet. Fry till the cockroach is browned and crunchy. Then, remove the oil from the skillet, put off the heat, and stir in a pinch of sugar and soy sauce. After that, remove the cockroach from the pan, transfer it to a plate, and serve when the sugar has melted and turned into caramel.


Beetles have been around for 300 million years and can be found practically anywhere on the planet, from lakes to deserts, polar ice caps to rainforests. The majority of beetles live on land. They dig tunnels underground, in wood, and animal corpses. Some beetles dwell in termites and ant nests, where the colony shelters the beetle from predators while the beetle cleans up the environment by eating the ants’ excrement!

Although hard to chew, Augosoma Centaurus beetles (a species of beetle) are an important part of local people’s food security and livelihoods in many regions of Africa, particularly Cameroon.

This beetle typically appears when other edible insects are scarce, making it a valuable source of alternative protein in a location where poverty, biodiversity erosion, and poaching are still significant issues.

In eastern Cameroon, Augosoma beetles are a customary substitute for fish and bushmeat. They supply much-needed protein, micronutrients, and income to the rural poor when eaten as larvae and adults during the dry season. Their gathering and eating also act as natural pest control for native raffia palm plants, another important source of income for the inhabitants.

According to a study undertaken by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) on the eating of Augosoma beetles in Cameroon, over 90 percent of local tribes consume the insects while they are in season.

After nightfall, logging company road lamps attract Augosoma beetles, allowing individual collectors to fill a 5-liter container in a single evening. According to the study, 77 % of Augosoma beetles are collected from these illuminated areas.

The edible beetle is also significant in terms of culture. As per the research, some tribal groups in the region believe that eating the adult Augosoma beetle strengthens children’s bones, allowing them to walk faster. Others claim that eating adult beetles boosts men’s sexual endurance.

Benefits of eating beetles

According to National Geographic, beetles are among the richest insect protein sources, but the percentage depends on the type of beetle you consume. For instance, palm worm beetles are said to contain up to 36 g of protein per meal. In essence, beetles, like other bugs, provide important minerals such as potassium, zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, copper, and manganese.

Additionally, beetles can also significantly reduce common pest and weed problems, eliminating the need for chemical control in some circumstances.

What is the taste of beetles?

People who have tried this insect say it has a very mild flavor (it doesn’t taste like anything); thus, it can add protein to any recipe! They have a mildly nutty taste when roasted. Some people say they taste like apples, while others say they taste like popcorn and remind them of bacon when sautéed in butter.

How to eat beetles

Beetles can be eaten cooked or fried. To prepare them, wash the insects before boiling, steaming, or frying them for at least five minutes. After that, you can serve and eat them. If not consumed right away, the bugs must be preserved by sun-drying them or keeping them in the freezer or fridge.


A dragonfly is a flying insect that belongs to the Odonata Order in the Anisoptera suborder. A pair of huge, multidimensional compound eyes, two pairs of powerful, translucent wings, occasionally with colorful patches, and an elongate body distinguish the matured dragonflies.

Dragonflies were among the first insects to appear on the globe, arriving roughly 300 million years ago. They have had plenty of time to master the art of flying, hunting, and simply being incredible.

Dragonflies have long been employed in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine. In Indonesia, mature dragonflies are captured on poles coated with birdlime and then deep-fried as a dainty.

These insects are usually prevalent during the summer and spring months. Dragonflies have two stages in their life cycle: nymph and adult. Either phase is consumable, albeit one is far simpler to capture than the other. They are water-borne and usually green, around the size of the first two segments of your pointer finger when they are in their nymph phase. As earlier mentioned, dragonflies are safe to eat, but they can be difficult to catch due to their speed and agility. However, when they can’t fly away, it’s a lot easier to catch them.

Dragonflies lack stingers and can not bite hard enough for a human to notice. Although both the larval and adult stages of the insect are edible, the larval phase, on the other hand, is presumably easier to catch. Dragonfly larvae are found in water and are more prevalent in the summer and spring months.

The most challenging aspect of dragonflies is actually catching them, but some people have found effective methods to do that.

Benefits of dragonflies

Dragonflies are beneficial to the ecosystem. Since these creatures eat mosquitoes and other insects, they are effective at controlling mosquito numbers surrounding homes.

Per day, dragonflies can consume hundreds of mosquitos. Hence, if you see more dragonflies in your house, you could notice fewer mosquitoes, horseflies, and other bothersome bugs.

Since dragonflies play such an important part in mosquito management, they also help lower the risk of infectious diseases spread by mosquitoes, including malaria, dog heartworms, and the West Nile virus.

Furthermore, edible dragonfly larvae are said to have protein, amino acids, fat, and microelements. Protein, amino acid, and fat levels are 58.92 percent, 25.37 percent, and 46.03 percent, respectively. The average content of the eight types of amino acids required by the human body is 16.41 percent, accounting for 35.69 percent of the total quantity of amino acids.

What is the taste of dragonflies?

According to some people who have eaten them, dragonflies have a taste similar to crabs.

How to eat dragonflies

Dragonflies are commonly cooked, fried, or skewered and grilled over an open fire before they are consumed. Either of the nymphs and the adults is consumed in most parts of Asia, usually fried or boiled and served with rice.

Mopane Worm

The worm is a huge caterpillar from the Gonimbrasia Belina species, also known as the Emperor moth. Mopane is the name of a tree that thrives in most regions of southern African countries, and the moth that prefers to lay her eggs on these branches produces a large number of larvae, which locals gather for the protein they provide, hence the name “Mopane worms.”

Whereas the mopane worm prefers to eat the leaves of the mopane tree, it is not restricted to this diet and may also eat the leaves of other plants native to the same region. As a result, the mopane worm is dispersed over a vast area. The considerable damage to leaves is easily endured by the tree, in time to be refilled for the following generation of mopane worms because the larval stage of the mopane worm is very short in comparison to other munching caterpillars.

According to research, mopane worms are not only nutritious to eat, but they may also be critical in preserving the biological balance of the dry bush they live in.

Some people are repulsed by the idea of eating a worm or caterpillar, but others believe that a well-cooked mopane worm is a delicacy. Worms are regarded as a special delicacy in Zimbabwe, from high-end restaurants to small-town cafes. Whereas they can be found in most stores, they are more expensive than most other foods.

During the rainy season, the worms are picked, washed, sun-dried for storage, and made publicly available for eating all through the year.

Benefits of eating mopane worms

The mopane worm is a nutritious and inexpensive food source. Marlon Chidemo, a Zimbabwean nutritionist, claims that the worms are abundant in healthful elements and have three times the protein content of beef. He claimed that eating worms is better for the environment than beef since worms require fewer leaves than feed for the same number of cattle.
Furthermore, mopane worms are also said to be an excellent source of iron. They contain between 31 and 77 milligrams of iron per 100 grams. These bugs, which are primarily found in Southern Africa, are excellent for boosting iron levels in people who are deficient in other vitamins.

What is the taste of mopane worms?

Consumers describe the taste as “burned steak,” “crunchy and salty” (as everything will taste if it’s fried), and “butter and peanuts,” of course.

How to eat mopane worms?

The delectable mopane worms can be consumed dry and crispy as a snack, drowned in sauce, or mixed with maize porridge – a Zimbabwean staple dish. The worms are usually fried with a blend of tomatoes, peanuts, garlic, chilies, and onions.

Mopane worms can also be used in stews, steamed to soften them, or eaten raw right off the tree. They’re also said to be less chewy when they’re fresh, and other ingredients don’t mask their distinct and unique flavor.

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